AND just after reading our hotel discoveries in southern France and San Sebastian, Spain, connect with us on ArchiExpo’s Facebook page as we LIVE STREAM an interview with designersThomas Fabresse and Jean-Baptiste Lafo of Element Graphic who worked on Hotel XIX in Béziers.
Zero-waste design, upcycled materials and low-impact living are not only current trends, they’re reality. Consumers want it, manufacturers aim to deliver it and architecture and design professionals automatically expect to create it.
Alongside manufacturers, architecture and design professionals lead the path in...
Constructing with recycled materials has become a simple solution to the problem of overusing natural resources. In various projects throughout the world, architects choose to use salvaged window frames, old corrugated tin sheets and discarded wooden planks to construct structures that not only portray such a response, but that also result in standout designs.
We have put together examples of unique bars and restaurants all the way from Bali to Kamikatsu, Japan and Copenhagen that show exemplary use of recycled materials, in their facades and interiors.
Bali, Indonesia: The Potato Head Beach Club
On the famed island of the Gods in Indonesia sits a beachside bar and restaurant made of window shutters salvaged from run-down houses: The Potato Beach Club. This unique establishment in Bali draws crowds for its impressive use of colorful painted teak window shutters on the massive colosseum-style structure. The entrance leads to interior spaces filled with tables, chairs and lighting also made from recycled materials.
Courtesy of Ade Herkarisma
Ade Herkarisma, the head of architecture and design for Potato Head Beach Club, spoke to ArchiExpo e-Magazine about the inspiration to create something special for the community:
“The fact that it is shaped like a colosseum makes you feel secure. Throughout all our projects, the experience is what is important. We want to touch all the senses of our guests and we wanted to do something to promote local craftsmanship. We came up with the usage of old window shutters that we sourced from houses all throughout Java. All the 6,000 shutters are recycled and construction took about eight months.”
Watch the exclusive video interview with Herkarisma here.
An installation by renowned Indonesian Artist Eko Nugroho called Bouquet of Love is currently showcased at the Potato Head Beach Club. The installation was made from 300 kilograms of collected refuse. Watch the video to see how the Bouquet of Love was created:
Tokushima, Japan: Kamikatz Public House
NAP Architects has earned global recognition for the construction of Kamikatz Public House from recycled materials. Located in Kamikatsu, a town that has attained an 80% recycling rate, the Kamikatz Public House echoes:
the principles of the community and the wisdom and ways of the people towards waste form through architecture.
They first built the raw material warehouse, then the brewery and the pub. The architects selected wood waste from a local lumber mill for the outer walls and employed waste brick from demolished buildings in China for interior flooring.
Kamikatz Public House. Courtesy of NAP Architects.
To make the pub energy-efficient and limit electricity consumption for heating and cooling, window fittings taken from abandoned houses were set eight meters high beneath an elevated ceiling. This enhances circulation and evacuates warm air in summer, while the double layer of window fittings traps air, for better winter insulation.
To display their products, they transformed furniture like bridal chests and farm equipment found at the recycle center into shelves. Waste from locally-produced cedar boards was painted with natural persimmon tannin paint and fitted to the exterior walls. They utilized abandoned tiles from a factory for the floor, and empty bottles were used to create the chandelier. Full of improvisation, the space is a masterful mix of waste material showcased in a whole new light.
An increasing flow of tourists has begun to boost the economy of this community that bases its principles on recycling.
Kamikatz Public House. Courtesy of the transitgeneraloffice
Copenhagen, Denmark: Väkst, a Greenhouse Restaurant
On Sankt Peders Stræde in Copenhagen, there is a restaurant called Väkst that has gained international attention since it opened in 2016. The architects designed a greenhouse from recycled windows that livens up the staircase and connects the two stories of the restaurant. The luminous, green space of the top floor and the raw, urban atmosphere in the basement create a harmonious balance between nature and city life.
Vakst. Courtesy of Genbyg.
Väkst guests walk upon mahogany wood surfaces originally from an old grandstand at Lyngby Stadium. There’s also glass shelving repurposed from a palace in Copenhagen. Genbyg, a Danish firm that offers an online collection of recycled materials for construction, provided the recycled wooden boards used to build the cabinet doors.
The lamps are made of old zinc milk cans and the shelves in the bar are made of file drawers from the National Bank ‘s archive. Other repurposed materials include high school auditorium teakwood chairs with a 50s and 60s style, old Swedish fruit boxes and scaffolding planks and old floorboards from an old factory. The ceiling sails in the lower level are made of old tablecloths.
An advocate for avoiding waste, furniture manufacturer The Senator Group developed an entire ecosystem with its recycling factories. It collects outdated furniture from clients and competitors alike, transforming it into reusable material for future pieces.
An hour outside of Manchester, rain drizzles upon the...
When the Palace Hotel in Salvador de Bahia, Brazil was acquired by Fera Investments in 2011 with the intention of restoring the iconic Art Deco architecture to its former glory, the developers may not have realized the scale of their task.
Last year, the restoration was finally complete—672 pillars, 471 windows, 317 doors and 81 rooms later. The original hotel, which opened in 1934, had been a national institution of chic and high culture, but economic difficulties forced it to close in the early 2000s.
Danish architect Adam Kurdahl of SPOL Architects began the project with meticulous research. Before putting pencil to paper, his team compiled a 500-page book about the Art Deco movement, local culture and Brazilian architectural history.
“On one hand, you want to be invisible. But you also have to add modern operational features,” Kurdahl explained.
We wanted to renovate the original design, but there’s nothing worse than replicas. They’re really kitsch.
Every element of the imposing exterior, modeled on New York’s beloved Flatiron building, was painstakingly refurbished, including 230 different ornaments sculpted from shiny silica stone.
The stuffy reception area was remodeled into a bright, airy entrance hall with an adjoining lounge and restaurant, which had previously been a separate business. Its floor is tiled in black and white zigzags—a reference to Rio de Janeiro’s famous Copacabana esplanade that, according to Kurdahl, symbolizes:
a public space for anybody from the city.
Fera lounge. Courtesy of SPOL Architects
Restored interior features include original wood floors, staircases and handrails. Every room is different, with variations in color and furnishing, such as six different headboards on the beds. Much of the furniture was also designed by Kurdahl, who believes that talking about “the power of decoration” has become “taboo” in today’s architecture industry.
Five event areas spread over two floors can be sized to accommodate as many as 250 people. The most spectacular is a luminescent space at the front edge of the triangular building, with elaborate stucco ceilings, minimalist brass chandeliers and tall pillars covered in slim mirrortiles.
Restaurante Adamastor at the Fera Palace. Courtesy of SPOL Architects
And the redevelopment wasn’t just about aesthetics. The entire hotel uses warm water recycled from a powerful air conditioning system made to withstand blazing Bahia summers.
The best place to cool off is a long, narrow swimming pool on the rooftop. It boasts stunning panoramas of the bay through a glass wall-window, a bar decorated with hand-woven baskets and a closer look at the striking copper dome that perches proudly atop the front tip of the building.
Last month, ArchiExpo e-Magazine traveled southern Europe to scope out the hotel scene in peak season. We chose to skip baggage drop off and security check at the airport and went by bike from Marseille, France to San Sebastian, Spain. We had the pleasure of discovering a few wonders along the way.
First stop: Béziers, France. Dubbed chic and classy, Hotel XIX certainly portrays close attention to detail. The owner worked with local architect Christine Bel and designers Thomas Fabresse and Jean-Baptiste Lafo of Element Graphic to create a universe of sweetness and peace with furniture that is not only soft and pleasant to see, but also to touch. Renovated in 2016, the building incorporates Art Deco elements, including works signed by artist Sébastien Bayet.
Don’t miss it: ArchiExpo will live stream an interview with Element Graphic Monday, September 25, 2017.
Courtesy of Hotel XIX
Next up: Toulouse. A hidden haven for lovers of life, literature and culture, the five-star MGallery hotel by Sofitel has a story of its own. The establishment re-opened in 2015 and combines two hotels in one, constructed in the 15th and 18th centuries, refurbished to blend history and modern times. The restaurant area includes a fireplace dating to 1536, and the stairway reveals a monument from 1778. History connoisseurs will marvel.
La Cour des Consuls Hotel & Spa Toulouse – Mgallery by Sofitel
Down the Street from MGallery, Hotel des Beaux Arts reveals a window display of delightful art and the reception hall acts as a gallery with artistic objects for purchase. Interior designer Fréderic Taché from the boutique ARCHIVOLTE cultivated an atypical and desirable space by mixing refinement and elegance. In December 2016, the hotel officially reopened with 11 of its 19 bedrooms decorated with the work of artists; the artful renovation for the remaining rooms will begin shortly, as the list of future decorative artists is nearly set. A window view of the Garonne river only adds to the appeal.
Hôtel des Beaux Arts, Toulouse (France)
Final stop: San Sebastian, Spain. “Our boutique guest house is a place to feel calm,” announces Ibaia et Arramak. After 400 km by bike and 400 km by train, we can confirm. The building belongs to the heart of historic San Sebastian, just footsteps away from the Urumea river. It was remodeled to incorporate a modern touch while maintaining its heritage. Its garden welcomes guests to relax and socialize, adding to its charm.
Ibaia et Arramak guest house in San Sebastian, Spain. Courtesy of Ibaia et Arramak.
Watch the featured video to ride along with us from hotel to hotel.
“As someone who is creating stuff, thinking consciously is my responsibility as a human,” says Max Lamb, who produces furnishings and design objects—often of recycled or virtually indestructible material—for the likes of Acne Studios, Kvadrat, and Hermès. During 3daysofdesign in Copenhagen, the British designer challenged the architecture and design industries to rethink their resources. His approach offers a few surprises.
Lifecycle Trumps Material
Take polystyrene, often used as a packing material. “A byproduct of the oil industry, this material has a bad rep,” says Lamb. However, the designer believes that conscious design is driven by not just the material but also the use of the material.
“Polystyrene has got amazing insulating properties,” Lamb explains. “But if you are going to use it to drink a hot cup of coffee for 10 minutes and then throw it in the bin, and do that maybe three times a day for your whole life when recycled paper works just as well…well that is just not a great use of that material.”
Lamb carves polystyrene and sprays it with a hard, innovative rubber that is both water- and weather-proof to create his Polly Furniture series. Most recently, to produce his Thermal Spray collection for gallery Salon 94, which made its debut at Design Basel Miami this spring, Lamb took polystyrene scraps from his production process and sprayed them with a metallic thermal spray. Collectors took note of the quirky, one-of-a-kind pieces in bronze, aluminum, and steel, and the entire booth quickly sold out.
Two pieces in the Polly Furniture series for Salon 94. Courtesy of Max Lamb.
New Use for Existing Materials
Who says granite should only be used for flooring and counters? For Milan’s new Acne Studios flagship, Lamb designed tables and stools made out of Rosa Baveno granite,a material he also used last year for the Campione chair in tonalite granite for Pedretti Graniti. Developed from a project connecting British designers with Italian manufacturers, the sculptural furnishings are meant to demonstrate the wider market available to a stone manufacturer.
Campione chair in tonalite granite for Pedretti Graniti. Courtesy of Max Lamb.
The Challenge of Recycled Content
While Lamb uses recycled polystyrene when possible, its application has limits. “When I am using a density of 20 kilograms per cubic meter, I will use the more flimsy, recycled version. But I am also using up to 55 kilograms per cubic meter, which is much more rigid and much more durable.”
Complicating matters is the lack of transparency on the part of suppliers of the recycled material:
They can’t make polystyrene using 100 percent recycled material.
“It has to be mixed, and they will not tell you what percentage of it is recycled. So there’s nothing distinguishing about it, and there is no guarantee that what you are buying is what you are getting. It’s all a bit of a farce.”
Beautiful and Sustainable Material
Lamb credits an outdoors upbringing and military influence—his father was a survival instructor in the Royal Air Force—for his valuing every scrap of material.
At Salone del Mobile in Milan this past April, Lamb launched Solid Textile Board Benches for Danish sustainability startup Really. and textile manufacturer Kvadrat. To create the line of 12 benches, Lamb used discarded cotton and wool, demonstrating what can be done with a new material—solid textile board. Patented by Really, the boards are a mix of textile scraps and a special binder.
“The purpose of this project from our perspective was to launch the material and demonstrate the material’s properties and beauty,” Lamb says. “But in this case, we also added value by taking something that would otherwise be disposed of and turning it into something that has a lifetime of worth and a lifetime of use.”